Electrical Transformers 101

HomeBlogElectrical Transformers 101

As you can guess from our name, we at Electric Power Systems know a great deal about how electrical systems work. Our team wants to help you keep your business’ electrical system in the best possible condition, and this effort often starts with your electrical transformers. In this article, we’ll provide a brief overview of how these key components work.

Electrical Transformers 101

What do Electrical Transformers Do?

Before we get into how they work, let’s talk about what exactly electrical transformers do. To put it simply, these machines transfer energy from one circuit to another, changing the voltage of the current without changing the frequency. They are used to step the voltage up or down as necessary.

How Electrical Transformers Work

Transformers are made of three primary components: a magnetic core, a primary winding, and a secondary winding. The primary winding is connected to a power source, and as current flows through the winding, it creates magnetic flux. This flux is then transferred through the core and secondary coils. This flux circuit allows electrical energy to pass through and change in voltage, increasing or decreasing it without also changing the frequency. The transformer can also transfer power from one circuit to another–for example, from the power lines and grid to the outlets of your home. Without the transformers there to change the voltage, the current from the power grid would overload your household appliances and render them useless. Fortunately, our team is here to make sure that your electrical transformers always work like they’re supposed to.